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This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Sections Department home Sections Request an appointment. Pediatric Urology Overview. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Pediatric Urology Request an Appointment Overview. A less severe form epispadias affects the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body urethra.

Read more. Daytime incontinence refers to wetting accidents after a child has gone through toilet training. Causes include waiting until the last minute to go to the bathroom, not peeing often enough during the day or not emptying their bladder all the way. In other children, there is a mismatch between their sex chromosomes and their genitals.

Pediatric Urology

This rare birth defect affects the opening of the tube that drains urine from the body urethra. The malformation varies from child to child. In boys with epispadias, the urethra opening usually is on the top or side of the penis rather than the tip. Hernias occur when part of the intestine or other tissue bulges through a weak spot in the belly. A hernia is not an emergency unless the tissue or intestine becomes trapped, which can cut off blood supply.

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This is called incarceration and needs medical attention right away. Read about our Hernia Program.

Urology for Children

Hydroceles may cause swelling in the sac around the testicles scrotum. The condition usually causes no pain. Some boys need surgery to correct it.

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Hydronephrosis hy-dro-ne-FROH-sis is when one or both kidneys get bigger because pee urine backs up or is blocked. The condition can make it more likely that your child will get urinary tract infections. Sometimes doctors prescribe low doses of antibiotics to prevent infection. Hypospadias hi-poe-SPAY-dee-us happens when the opening of the penis is not at the very tip, but somewhere along the underside.

Kidney stones form when minerals and other solid materials normally found in pee urine clump together. Larger stones can be very painful when they block the kidney or the tubes that carry urine. Although kidney stones most often affect adults, the rate in children has increased over the past 10 years. Depending on the cause, your child may not be able to control urination incontinence or may have trouble emptying their bladder completely. Most undescended testes move down on their own by the time a baby is 9 months old.


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If they do not move by the time your child is 1 year old, he should see a doctor with training in problems affecting the genitals and urinary tract urologist. Urinary tract infections UTIs are common in children. Some signs of UTI are fever, pain when peeing, pain in the belly or pelvic area, nausea and vomiting, frequent urination and changes in the look or smell of urine.

In vesicoureteral reflux, urine travels backward: from the bladder to the kidney instead of from the kidney to the bladder.


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This increases the chance of kidney infections. Voiding dysfunction means your child is not emptying their bladder normally. There are many types of voiding dysfunctions. For example, children may wait too long to pee urinate , pee too often, dribble urine or have wetting accidents during the day or the night. Our Bladder and Bowel Health Program diagnoses and cares for children and teens who have problems controlling their bladder or bowels. These are often called voiding or stooling disorders. Learn more. These include conditions where their genitals do not look typical of a boy or a girl or where their genitals do not match with their sex chromosomes.

These are sometimes called intersex conditions. Learn more about the DSD program. Our Kidney Stones Clinic is the only program in Washington state to focus on diagnosing and treating children and teens with kidney stones. We help get rid of stones your child has now. We also work with you and your child to prevent new ones. Your child can be seen by their entire health team in the same room, at the same time, to get complete care.

Some of the most common pediatric urologic conditions occur during fetal development and must be addressed quickly after birth. Urology Associates physicians are specially trained experts in treating pediatric urologic conditions that often require an understanding of complex surgical procedures. Following are common urologic conditions children may experience, listed according to the affected area.


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The urinary tract includes the kidneys that process blood and produce urine, the ureter tubes that carry that urine to the bladder , which stores urine then expels it through the urethra tube opening just above the vagina in girls and at the end of the penis in boys. Urinary tract infections UTIs are caused by microbes usually bacteria affecting the ureter, bladder, urethra and sometimes the kidneys. Up to 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys will develop a urinary tract infection. While most UTIs are not serious, younger children have a greater risk of kidney damage linked to urinary tract infection than do older children or adults.

UTIs are commonly treated with antibiotics. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the lower back area behind the abdominal organs. The kidneys control blood pressure, are responsible for protein metabolism, direct the production of blood in our bone marrow and process waste into urine and send it out of the body.

The kidneys are well-suited for ultrasonic inspection both prenatally and then in early infancy and childhood. Children may require treatment for the following conditions affecting the kidneys.

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Children with a duplex kidney have two ureters rather than one coming from a single kidney. These two ureters can drain independently into the bladder or connect and drain as a single ureter into the bladder. Duplex kidney can occur in one or both kidneys. Children with this condition may also have a ureterocele an enlarged ureter from blockage or vesicoureteral reflux.

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Kidney dysplasia , a condition that can occur in babies as they grow in the womb, is when cysts grow inside one or both of the kidneys. In some cases the cysts may even replace one or both kidneys. This condition is usually detected during an ultrasound. Babies who do survive with extreme cases of kidney dysplasia will need dialysis and a kidney transplant after birth.